A Future Nation-State and the Arakan Army

Gaung 03 Apr 2022

Several nations’ people around the world have come to believe that armed resistance can liberate them from oppression and build sovereignty. As a result, in the current political climate, the people of Myanmar are increasingly recognising that revolution is the key to rebuilding a country that has been torn apart by oppression. 

Arakan Army Looks for a New Political Path in Myanmar

Gaung 21 Mar 2022

As a result, various ethnic groups, including the Arakan Army, have sprung up and are still fighting against dictators — most recently those who installed themselves as the country’s leaders in last year’s coup.

Lessons From History for Self-Determination in the 21st Century

Nay Myo Lin 20 Feb 2022

You may have heard of the famous Arakanese King Min Htee in the Lay Myo Era of the Arakanese people. King Min Htee ascended to the throne at the age of 7 and sat on the bosom of his uncle Anantabaya and ruled the country with love for his people.

Sittwe Must Learn to Clean Up After Itself

DMG 26 Jan 2022

Many people do not like the idea of dumping rubbish along the riverbank. However, there are various opinions in Sittwe about dumping garbage in the river. Some have criticised the lack of landfills and the inability of municipal garbage trucks to reach them, pointing to the need for proper disposal systems.

What Makes a Good Neighbour in Post-Coup Myanmar?

DMG 22 Jan 2022

Independent Myanmar, built and continually refashioned over 70 years, is at one of its lowest points and could become a failed state within the next decade, following the ascension of its latest dictator. In Myanmar, coups have become a tradition, and the military’s upper echelon is a privileged class. But instead of building a prosperous nation, authoritarian families have flourished and grown richer over the past several decades, while the people have become poorer. 

A Uniquely Arakanese Reaction to Myanmar’s Military Coup

DMG 19 Jan 2022

Significantly, after the military coup, National League for Democracy (NLD) members and supporters protested and were arrested in Arakan State, but no significant mass protests were reported. There have been allegations from mainland Myanmar and the international community that the Arakanese people are supporting the military coup, but these assumptions have not been substantiated. 

Education Must Be Revolutionised

10 Jan 2022

“Give me an educated mother, and I shall promise you the birth of a civilised, educated nation,” Napoleon Bonaparte once said. These words make reference to the fact that building a nation relies on how we educate ourselves and others, and why it is important to let emerge the intellectuals who have the capacity to build it, to make it happen;

In Arakan State, Conflict Prevention Is a Cooperative Endeavour

Min Htee 30 Dec 2021

The Arakan Army (AA), which has controlled much of Arakan State since an informal ceasefire with the Myanmar military was reached in November 2020, issued a statement on December 17, 2021. The statement warned the public that nefarious activities were taking place in Arakan State, leading to sectarian tensions, and highlighted five recent developments. 

Capital Crimes in Sittwe

Rammar Kyaw Saw 21 Dec 2021

Motorcycle thefts are happening on a daily basis in Sittwe. However, according to the state police, there are only 12 reported cases of stolen motorcycles in Arakan State. If a motorcycle is stolen, why not report it to the police? One reason is that most motorcycles do not have a licence, and there is a weakness in the judiciary. 

Myanmar’s Political Conflict With Authoritarian-Controlled Resources

Min Htee 14 Dec 2021

Companies from 13 countries — including the United States, France, Malaysia, Thailand, China, Japan, Singapore, Canada, the Netherlands, Austria and South Korea — operate in the Arakan Sea. According to a report released by AOW (Arakan Oil Watch) on November 19, 2021, most of Myanmar’s revenue comes from taxes from the natural gas industry. 

Coup III in Myanmar and the Future of the Country

Min Htee 21 Nov 2021

Despite decades of civil war, political conflicts and poverty, Myanmar seemingly emerged from military dictatorship with the holding of 2010 multi-party general elections. Just over a decade later, the Myanmar military seized power on February 1, 2021, after a third multi-party election and after two terms of successive governments elected by the people. 

The AA’s Non-NCA Way

Gaung 17 Nov 2021

In the not-too-distant past, the government and ethnic armed groups reached an understanding and took a renewed approach to finding political solutions to political problems, noting the high cost of war to lives, livelihoods, the environment and much more.  

Local Farmers May Become Occupiers Due to Kyaukphyu SEZ Project

DMG 20 Oct 2021

In 2018, Myanmar and CITIC Group signed a framework agreement on the deep-sea project. The following year, the Chinese firm hired Canadian company HATCH to supervise the environmental impact assessment (EIA) and a “pre-geo survey.” But experts from the Canadian firm was able to visit Kyaukphyu only one time due to the Covid-19 pandemic. 

Road Builders and Road Destroyers

Maung Mayu (Buthidaung) 10 Oct 2021

In early September, photos of locals in Hsin Swel Ya village volunteering for road construction work were posted on social media. The damaged road was muddy, washed out and difficult if not impossible to traverse by foot or vehicle.  

Where Is the Arakanese Revolution Heading?

Zaw Htun (Mrauk - U) 18 Sep 2021

Arakan State has a long history of being a de facto nation and has a strong geographical location. It also has a strong literary and artistic heritage, as well as a wealth of resources and infrastructure to provide good food and services to its people. There are people in Arakan State who will be satisfied under an Arakan government and administration that can lead the people to security and development.  

An Evening Walk Along the Kaladan River in Sittwe

Aung Lin Hein (SKY) 15 Sep 2021

A group of young people can be seen playing football in a field. It is gratifying to see so many young people competing so fiercely. Isn’t physical activity very important for health reasons? However, there are many elderly people sitting on the field’s sidelines, some wearing masks but others without masks. I wander off in front of an audience that could be infected. 

An Ode to Bookstores in an Age of Technological Change

Ngrein Chan 11 Sep 2021

Looking back on the 1990s and 2000s, bookstores are one of the fondest memories of my childhood. I miss the feeling of competing with others to get my hands on a book, every time a new one by my favorite author arrived; I miss reading it; and memorising my favourite words by writing them down in notebooks.

Approaching Myanmar’s Conflict From a New National Security Perspective

Min Htee 07 Sep 2021

Every country has a national security concept. The concept of “national security” has been interpreted by many scholars in many ways, and national security is still defined today. The concept of nationalism in part means the perception of national security. I don’t know exactly how to translate the English word “Nation” into the Myanmar language. 

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